Kneeshaw-Price, Stephanie H, et al. “Neighborhood Crime-Related Safety and Its Relation to Children’s Physical Activity.” Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, vol. 92, no. 3, June 2015, pp. 472-489. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11524-015-9949-0.
Stephanie Kneeshaw-Price details a concept referred to as Crime Prevention through Environmental Design which focuses on what makes criminal behavior more prevalent within a defined space rather than the catching of these crimes. CPTED references a “crime triangle” which expands upon the necessary components that make up and affect a crime; location, victim, and offender. In theory by removing one of these aspects crime prevention then becomes much more feasible. Most importantly however, Kneeshaw goes on to expand on the idea of Territorial Reinforcement, and it’s role within crime prevention. When a space is utilized by legitimate users and cared for, nuisance behavior becomes much more obvious within the space due to increased monitoring. Damaged property and trash negatively affects regular, positive, users and leads to a slow degradation of the area allowing it to become susceptible to crime. Street art becomes applicable within this theory, as murals create an arguably friendlier environment. Art work rather than graffiti tags benefits a community by establishing a more legitimate, socially approved method of decoration. Murals contribute by not only eliminating the wall space for potential taggers, but by also creating a sense of community for regular viewers within the area, essentially branding the space with art.