Lombard, Kara-Jane. “Art Crimes: The Governance of Hip Hop Graffiti.” Journal for Cultural Research, vol. 17, no. 3, Sept. 2013, p. 255. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14797585.2012.752160.
Kara-Jane Lombard elaborates on the ever shifting perspective and integration of hip hop culture and graffiti within the world and how the governance of these art crimes have changed to arguably begin to support the once frowned upon art form. Out lining the genesis of graffiti culture, it’s involvement with hip hop through the 1970s and 1980s, and leading into our modern perspective on the art form; Lombard details the different ways graffiti has been dealt with as a crime. Violent law enforcement within the United States compared with policy shifts attempting to allow for the legitimacy of the art form within places such as Wales contrast the surrounding controversy incredibly well. The government approval of legal art projects allows for graffiti artists to be granted citizenship as an alternative strategy to graffiti control, while simultaneously fighting illegal vandalism work by taking up public wall space and encouraging artists to provide for the general public with their art rather than fight it with more minor crimes.